metamorphoses of the spirit do I tell you: how the
spirit becomes a camel, the camel a lion, and the
lion at last a child.
things are there for the spirit, the strong
reverent spirit thatwould bear much: for the heavy
and the heaviest longs its strength.
heavy? so asks the spirit that would bear much, and
then kneels downlike the camel, and wants to be
What is the
heaviest thing, you heroes? asks the spirit that
would bear much, that I may take it upon me and
exult in my strength.
Is it not
this: To humiliate oneself in order to mortify
one's pride? To exhibit one's folly in order to
mock at one's wisdom?
Or is it
this: To desert our cause when it triumphs? To
climb high mountains to tempt the
Or is it
this: To feed on the acorns and grass of knowledge,
and for the sake of truth to suffer hunger in one's
Or is it
this: To be sick and send away the comforters, and
to make friends of the deaf, who never hear your
Or is it
this: To go into foul water when it is the water of
truth, and not avoid cold frogs and hot
Or is it
this: To love those who despise us, and to give
one's hand to the phantom who tries to frighten
heaviest things the spirit that would bear much
takes upon itself: like the camel, that, when laden,
hastens into the desert, so speeds the spirit into
But in the
loneliest desert happens the second metamorphosis:
here the spirit becomes a lion; he will seize his
freedom and be master in his own
seeks his last master: he wants to fight him and
his last God; for victory he will struggle with the
Who is the
great dragon which the spirit no longer wants to
call Lord and God?
is the great dragon called. But the spirit of the
lion says, "I will."
lies in his path, sparkling with gold- a
scale-covered beast; and on each scale glitters a
of a thousand years glitter on those scales, and
thus speaks the mightiest of all dragons: "All
values of all things- glitter on me.
has long been created, and I am all created value.
Verily, there shall be no more 'I will'." Thus
speaks the dragon.
brothers, why does the spirit need the lion? Why is
the beast of burden,which renounces and is
reverent, not enough?
new values- that, even the lion cannot accomplish:
but to create for oneself freedom for new creating-
that freedom the might of the lion can
freedom for oneself, and give a sacred No even to
duty: for that, my brothers, the lion is
the right to new values- that is the most
terrifying assumption for a load-bearing and
reverent spirit. To such a spirit it is preying,
and the work of a beast of prey.
loved "Thou-shalt" as the most sacred: now is he
forced to find illusion and arbitrariness even in
the most sacred things, that freedom from his love
may be his prey: the lion is needed for such
me, my brothers, what the child can do, which even
the lion could not do? Why must the preying lion
still become a child?
is innocence and forgetting, a new beginning, a
game, a self-rolling wheel, a first movement, a
game of creation, my brothers, a sacred Yes is
needed: the spirit now wills his own will; the
world's outcast now conquers his own
metamorphoses of the spirit I have told you: how
the spirit became a camel, the camel a lion, and
the lion at last a child.- Thus spoke Zarathustra.
And at that time he stayed in the town which is
called The Pied Cow.
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